Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) is a benefit for people with limited capability for work because of ill health and/or disability.
You may be entitled to one or both, depending on your circumstances. For example, a claimant whose contributory ESA and other income are less than their applicable amount for income-related ESA will be entitled to a top-up of income-related ESA.
Everyone has a maximum amount of weekly income they can receive before their income starts to affect their benefits.
This figure is called your ‘applicable amount’, and is compared against your income and capital to work out how much benefit you should receive.
You may be entitled to ESA if you:
However, the National Insurance contribution conditions for contributory ESA do not apply if the DWP is considering converting your Incapacity Benefit, Severe Disablement Allowance (SDA) or Income Support into ESA. The DWP can therefore convert a client's Incapacity Benefit or SDA into contributory ESA without them meeting these conditions.
If you meet all the conditions above you may be entitled to ESA.
If you claimed ESA before 1 May 2012 (later in Northern Ireland) and your limited capability for work began in youth (before the age of 20, or the age of 25 if in full-time education), you may be entitled to contributory ESA by meeting an alternative to the normal contribution conditions.
You may also be entitled to income-related ESA depending on your individual circumstances.
However, the conditions of entitlement for a claimant whose limited capability for work began in youth did not apply if the DWP was considering converting a client's incapacity benefit, severe disablement allowance (SDA) or income support into ESA. The DWP could therefore convert your incapacity benefit or SDA into contributory ESA without you meeting these conditions.
You must usually be in Great Britain or Northern Ireland to be entitled to ESA.
However, you can continue to receive it if you are temporarily absent from Great Britain or Northern Ireland.
Contact our advisers for more detail on this as there are various conditions that apply:
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This article was last reviewed on
by Anna Peters
Date due for the next review: 30/7/2018
Content Author: Gillian Arrindell
Current Owner: D. Anyanwu
Advisernet: registered members only resource - www.citizensadvice.org.uk/advisernet/benefits/esa-and-incapacity-benefit/employment-and-support-allowance-esa/
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