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1980s

the 1980s

1981

  • First cases of Gay-Related Immune Deficiency (GRID) are identified in the USA.

1982

  • Terry Higgins dies at St Thomas' Hospital. The Terry Higgins Trust is set up.
  • GRID is renamed Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) after the same immune deficiency syndrome is found in Haitians and heterosexual women.

1983

  • Three thousand AIDS cases have been reported in the USA with 1,000 dead.
  • London Gay Switchboard and the Gay Medical Association hold a public meeting about AIDS at the Conway Hall.
  • A second public meeting is held at the London Apprentice in August - we're reborn as the Terrence Higgins Trust.
  • The first Terrence Higgins Trust health promotion leaflet is published, and the first appeal for Buddies is made.
  • France's Pasteur Institute discovers lymphadenopathy associated virus (LAV) which researchers believe causes AIDS, meaning that it is an infectious condition.
  • Television programmes Panorama and Horizon run documentaries about the new disease.
  • Scottish Aids Monitor (SAM) is set up to educate gay men about the threat of HIV and AIDS.

1984

  • Terrence Higgins Trust becomes a registered charity and we move into our first office: one room at Panther House in Mount Pleasant.
  • The Helpline starts up, operating from 8pm to 10pm on weekdays.
  • We form Europe's first People with AIDS (PWA) support group, and our first national conference, 'AIDS UK 84'.
  • In the US, Dr Robert Gallo isolates the retrovirus called HTLV-III, which is also believed to cause AIDS.
  • HIV genetic variations are discovered, making the development of a vaccine more difficult.
  • The First European AIDS conference is held.
  • By the end of 1984 there have been 108 AIDS cases and 46 deaths in the UK.

1985

  • We apply to the Greater London Council (GLC) for a £17,000 grant to pay staff salaries; Westminster Council challenges the validity of the GLC's decision to award Terrence Higgins Trust a grant and is overruled by the High Court.
  • The first Terrence Higgins Trust candlelight vigil is held in Trafalgar Square.
  • We rent a second room in Panther House and employ our first two full-time paid members of staff; one of whom is Nick Partridge, who was to go on to become Chief Executive.
  • The first meeting takes place between Terrence Higgins Trust and the Government.
  • Scientists agree that the LAV and HTLV-III viruses are the same.
  • The Department of Health publishes its first advice on AIDS to medical practitioners.
  • The Health Education Council produces its first literature on AIDS.
  • Actor Rock Hudson dies with AIDS.
  • Body Positive, the first UK self help group for people with HIV, is founded in London.
  • AIDS reported in 51 countries.
  • First report of the transmission of the virus from mother to child through breastfeeding is published.
  • An HIV test is developed and blood donation centres start screening for HIV.
  • GUM clinics start offering HIV testing.
  • HIV arrives among the drug injecting population on the east coast of Scotland in 1985 and the introduction of a number of punitive measures around needle possession rapidly generate an HIV epidemic. Subsequent prevention strategies, including the introduction of a network of needle exchanges and methadone maintenance programmes, lead to the successful containment of the epidemic.

1986

  • The Legal Services Group is set up to offer legal consultancy to clients.
  • Interfaith Group, Women's Group and Family Support Group are set up.
  • We produce our first safer sex video, ‘Gearing Up for Safer Sex’, with Clean Cut.
  • The World Health Organisation (WHO) launches its global AIDS strategy.
  • UK government sets up a Cabinet Committee on AIDS.
  • The Government launches its first AIDS health education campaign, ‘Don’t Aid Aids’, which has little public impact.

1987

  • Terrence Higgins Trust moves to Grays Inn Road in King's Cross, London.
  • We employ our first health education officer, health information officer, volunteer co-ordinator and legal officer.
  • Stephen Fry produces ‘Hysteria’, a comedy benefit for Terrence Higgins Trust.
  • The government launches the 'Don't Die of Ignorance' campaign and delivers the campaign leaflet to every household.
  • Our phone number is listed as a source of information and advice on the Government leaflet.
  • Princess Diana opens the first specialist AIDS hospital ward in England at Middlesex Hospital.
  • UK HIV organisations Positively Women and the National AIDS Trust are launched.
  • The Football Association warns players not to use communal baths or to swap shirts at the end of a game.
  • The AIDS memorial quilt is started by a San Francisco gay rights activist Cleve Jones who made the first panel in memory of his friend Marvin Feldman.
  • Photographs taken by John Sturrock of people living with HIV/AIDS on the Muirhouse Housing Estate, Edinburgh, served as the initial inspiration for the Postive Lives project.

1988

  • We employ our first Welfare Rights Officer.
  • The Helper Cell Group is formed to provide practical help to people with HIV.
  • Armistead Maupin signs copies of his books at our offices to raise funds.
  • We release 1,000 balloons to commemorate the first World AIDS Day, roughly matching the number of recorded UK AIDS cases in 1987.
  • The first World AIDS Day takes place on 1 December.
  • London Lighthouse opens as a residential and support centre for people with HIV.
  • British insurers call for HIV tests for all men seeking policy cover of more than £50,000.

1989

  • 'Hysteria 2', a Terrence Higgins Trust fundraising event produced by Stephen Fry, is broadcast on Channel 4, together with a Terrence Higgins Trust telethon.
  • The Government Cabinet Committee on AIDS is disbanded.
  • Foundation of Frontliners, the UK’s first PWA organisation run for and by people with HIV.
  • Robert Mapplethorpe, the American photographer, dies with AIDS.

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