This data comes from Public Health England's HIV in the UK report (2020) and their Sexually Transmitted Infections data tables (2021).
Black communities are disproportionately affected by HIV and poor sexual health. Despite making up less than 2% of the UK population:
- 1 in 6 people who are newly diagnosed with HIV are of Black African ethnicity.
- 29% of people living with HIV are Black African.
Late diagnosis is a key issue for people in Black communities, with its accompanying consequences for health. In 2019, 63% of Black African people first diagnosed in the UK were diagnosed late.
Compared to other ethnic groups, people of Black ethnicities have three times the average rate of new sexually transmitted infection (STI) diagnoses, excluding HIV. In 2020 the average rate of STI diagnoses was 17.4 per 1,000 for people of Black ethnicities compared to 5.6 per 1,000 for the general population.
Despite widespread knowledge of the disproportionate effects of HIV and poor sexual health on Black communities, issues of exclusion and lack of representation persist. For example, in the recently concluded England PrEP IMPACT trial, less than 5% of the 21,000+ participants were from Black communities.