Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. This can be caused by a range of factors, including your lifestyle – drinking alcohol can cause it, for example. Several viruses can also cause hepatitis. Here, we cover the viruses hepatitis A, B and C.
The liver is the largest internal organ in your body. Having a healthy liver is important for everybody, but it is especially important for people living with HIV.
Your liver has an essential role in processing medicines used to treat HIV and other conditions. Viral infections that affect the liver, such as hepatitis A, hepatitis B and hepatitis C, can make you ill and also mean that the liver is unable to process medicines properly.
When people have both HIV and hepatitis B or C, this is often described as co-infection. If left untreated, liver disease caused by hepatitis B or C can be very serious. It is a major cause of illness and death in people living with HIV and hepatitis B or C co-infection.
There are treatments for hepatitis B and C, and these can work well in people living with HIV. There are also vaccines for hepatitis A and B. You can read more about prevention, diagnosis, symptoms and treatment of different types of viral hepatitis in this section.
Next: Hepatitis A ››
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This article was last reviewed on
Date due for the next review: 30/7/2016
Content Author: S. Corkery (NAM)
Current Owner: G. Hughson (NAM)
Wilkins E et al. Management of hepatitis viruses in adults infected with HIV 2013. British HIV Association, 2013: http://bhiva.org/documents/Guidelines/Hepatitis/2013/HepatitisGuidelines2013.pdf
NHS – Hepatitis B: http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/hepatitis-b/pages/introduction.aspx
NHS – Hepatitis C: http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/hepatitis-c/pages/introduction.aspx
Hepatitis C and HIV Co-infection. National AIDS Trust, January 2012:
Various people talk about the effect HIV has had on their everyday health
CAB - Citizens Advice Bureau
HIV Drug Interactions
George House Trust
Equality and Human Rights Commission
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